Bổ sung Acid Folic trước khi mang thai quan trọng như thế nào?

Acid Folic là một thành phần quan trọng trong việc bảo vệ sức khỏe cho phụ nữ có thai và thai nhi. Acid folic là dưỡng chất không thể thiếu để bảo vệ thai nhi khỏi dị tật ống thần kinh như bệnh nứt đốt sống, vô sọ, sứt môi, hở hàm ếch…

Việc mẹ bổ sung Acid Folic từ thời điểm trước khi mang thai sẽ giúp bé sinh ra được khỏe mạnh, ngăn ngừa các trường hợp trẻ bị dị tật ống thần kinh.

Acid Folic là gì?

Acid folic hay vitamin B9 là một dưỡng chất thuộc vitamin nhóm B. Đây là một chất rất cần thiết cho sự phát triển và phân chia tế bào cũng như sự hình thành của tế bào máu. Acid folic có nhiều trong các thực phẩm như rau lá xanh, hoa quả, đỗ hạt, lê và các loại hạt, thực phẩm lên men và thịt bò.

Acid folic quan trọng đối với bà bầu thế nào?

Acid folic là yếu tố không thể thiếu trong việc giúp cơ thể sản sinh ra hồng cầu. Bởi hồng cầu là nhân tố quan trọng giúp mang oxy từ phổi đến khắp các bộ phận của cơ thể. Vai trò của acid folic trước lúc có thai hoặc tuần đầu tiên của thai kỳ còn giúp ngăn ngừa dị tật ống thần kinh.

Acid Folic: Chị em nhớ bổ sung trước khi mang thai 1

Acid folic là yếu tố không thể thiếu cho sản phụ

Một số nghiên cứu cũng cho thấy acid folic cũng có thể ngăn ngừa dị tật tim ở đứa trẻ và các dị tật bẩm sinh về miệng là hở môi và vòm miệng.

Nếu cơ thể thiếu acid folic, mẹ bầu dễ gặp phải thiếu máu hồng cầu khổng lồ dẫn tới tiền sản giật, xuất huyết, suy dinh dưỡng bào thai, thậm chí là nguy cơ sảy thai cao, sinh non, sinh con nhẹ cân. Không chỉ vậy, thiếu acid folic còn khiến thai nhi dễ bị dị tật ống thần kinh, ảnh hưởng đến sức khỏe và tương lai của trẻ sau này.

Ống thần kinh là nền tảng để phát triển hệ thần kinh hoàn thiện cho bé, bao gồm bộ não, hộp sọ, tủy sống và xương sống. Bào thai không được cung cấp đủ acid folic sẽ gây ra các dị tật cho trẻ bao gồm: sứt môi, hở hàm ếch, não úng thủy, nứt đốt sống, dị tật tim, liệt các chi và thậm chí gây tử vong.

Nên uống acid folic trước khi mang thai bao lâu?

Ống thần kinh của thai nhi phát triển từ rất sớm, vào tuần thứ 3 của thai kỳ, mà khi đó người mẹ còn chưa biết mình đã có thai. Vì thế, theo các bác sĩ, nếu bạn dự định mang thai, cần bổ sung acid folic ít nhất trước 3 tháng khi có kế hoạch bầu bí bằng các thực phẩm giàu acid folic và viên uống bổ sung acid folic.

Các nghiên cứu đã chỉ ra rằng những người uống viên bổ sung acid folic trước khi có bầu 1 năm sẽ giảm thiểu được nguy cơ sinh non so với những người phụ nữ khác.

Acid Folic: Chị em nhớ bổ sung trước khi mang thai 2

Mẹ nên chủ động uống viên bổ sung acid folic trước khi có bầu 1 năm

Khi acid folic vào cơ thể sẽ kích thích sản xuất những tế bào mới khỏe mạnh. Việc sử dụng các loại vitamin này trước và trong suốt giai đoạn thai kỳ sẽ giúp ngăn ngừa các khiếm khuyết ở ống thần kinh của thai nhi cũng như làm giảm thiểu được các nguy cơ như liệt não, chậm phát triển về trí tuệ, mắc các bệnh phổi mãn tính.

Vì thế, nếu có định sinh con, bà bầu cần bổ sung acid folic ngay để bảo vệ sức khỏe con yêu tốt nhất.

Ngoài ra, phụ nữ trong độ tuổi sinh nở cũng nên bổ sung loại vitamin này, do dự trữ sắt thấp vì bị mất máu trong các kỳ kinh nguyệt khiến nữ giới dễ bị thiếu Acid Folic hơn nam giới, dẫn đến thường xuyên mệt mỏi.

Bổ sung acid folic như thế nào?

Bổ sung từ thực phẩm

Các nguồn rau củ quả và những thực phẩm lên men và thịt bò chính là nguồn cung cấp lượng acid folic cần thiết dành cho bà bầu. Những thực phẩm giàu acid folic bao gồm:

  • Các loại đậu như đậu lăng, đậu đen, đậu phộng,..
  • Rau xanh: rau bina, bông cải xanh
  • Măng tây
  • Nước cam hoặc quả cam
  • Quả bơ
  • Lòng đỏ trứng luộc chín
  • Gạo lức
  • Bánh mì đen.
Acid Folic: Chị em nhớ bổ sung trước khi mang thai 3

Mẹ có thể bổ sung axit folic thông qua nguồn thực phẩm.

Bổ sung Acid folic bằng thuốc uống

Trong các thực phẩm hàng ngày kể trên rất giàu acid folic nhưng acid folic là vitamin hòa tan trong nước và dễ mất đi trong quá trình nấu nướng. Do đó, việc bổ sung acid folic bằng những loại thực phẩm thông thường không đáp ứng được nhu cầu của bà bầu. Vì thế, mẹ bầu nạp acid folic từ thực phẩm là chưa đủ mà cần bổ sung từ các nguồn khác như viên uống bổ sung acid folic.

Theo khuyến cáo trước khi có thai bạn nên uống một viên thuốc bổ sung acid folic có chứa 400 microgam acid folic mỗi ngày. Trong thời gian thai kỳ, phụ nữ được khuyên sử dụng 600 microgam acid folic mỗi ngày. Bác sĩ có thể kê đơn một loại thuốc chứa acid folic trước sinh cho bạn. Hoặc bạn cũng có thể mua thuốc chứa acid folic trước sinh mà không cần đơn của bác sĩ.

Chú ý là acid folic được khuyến cáo sử dụng mỗi ngày từ 400 đến 600 microgram, khi đó lượng acid folic dư sẽ được thải ra nước tiểu và không có ảnh hưởng nhiều đến sức khỏe. Thời điểm thích hợp nhất để uống viên folate là khoảng cách nghỉ giữa hai bữa ăn. Tuyệt đối không uống chung folate cùng trà, cà phê, rượu bởi nó sẽ làm giảm khả năng hấp thụ của viên bổ sung.

Trong trường hợp sử dụng acid folic với liều cao trên 1000 microgam mỗi ngày và trong một thời gian dài có thể gây tiêu chảy, buồn nôn, khó tiêu, có vị lạ trong miệng, phấn kích và nặng nề nữa là động kinh.

Nguồn: Tham Khảo

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  82. Evonne says:

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  83. Hildegarde says:

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to
    my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite
    some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.

    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog
    and I look forward to your new updates.

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